Look for plants that will survive in the harsh climate of the place. Best option is to go for native plants
Having a garden is a luxury in Dubai. Most people live in apartments and the gardens they do have are confined to their balconies. But having a lush garden for those living in villas is also not a very easy task. With such high temperatures, plants require a lot of care to grow in Dubai to survive. The best way to have a garden in Dubai is to use native plants. There are many beautiful flowering, ornamental and fruit plants that are native to Dubai and can be used to make your garden looking beautiful the year round, whether it is at your villa or on your balcony.
Here’s a lowdown on the plants that can be used for home garden in Dubai
Plants you can Use to Create a Fabulous Garden in Dubai
If you have a garden in Dubai, you may also have a gardener to help you out with the various jobs that need to be done in a garden. From garden pruning, to garden maintenance, there are few people who can do all themselves. Most professional gardeners in Dubai know which plants will survive in the climate of Dubai given the low quality of soil and saline water in the area. In case you do not have a gardener and are looking for one, head over to the website help4u.today, which has a whole list of the best garden maintenance services and gardeners listed on its site. You can pick a gardening service and get instant quotes for service charges, compare services and prices and hire a gardener easily and quickly. In case you wish to do it all yourself, then here is a list of plants and trees you should consider for your garden.
1. Flame tree also known as Delonix regia
The Delonix regia, or flame tree, should be your first choice if you want to add a splash of colour to your garden. The fiery red, orange or yellow flowers, are native to Madagascar and are typically found in tropical or near-tropical climates. Theis plant can grow in an open, free-draining sandy or loamy soil enriched with organic matter. The tree itself can reach a height of 12 metres, but spreads widely, growing dense foliage. It’s ideal for places which need a shade. The Flame tree loses most of its foliage at the end of each winter and then flowers again.
2. Frangipani also known as Plumeria
Plumeria or frangipani that its popularly known as is the perfect tree for UAE gardens. Its dark-green leaves and white-and-yellow flower is a perfect plant for any garden. The flowers have a sweet and heady fragrance and the plant itself is easy to grow. Plumeria does well in direct sunlight and can tolerate drought. It also flourishes in poor quality soil. It works either as a shrub or a small tree, so if you want to keep it in your home balcony, plant it in a bigger pot. The plant can easily be planted from cuttings of freshly elongated stems or aseptically germinated seeds.
3. Tropical hibiscus or rosa-sinensis
The Hibiscus rosa-sinensis or China rose, is one of the few species of flowers that grows well in a climate like Dubai’s. Provided it is regularly fertilised with a balanced feed. The China rose can be grown as a shrub or as a container plant in a slightly bigger pot on your home balcony. Although it should be replanted and its roots pruned every three years, at least. The only drawback with the Hibiscus is that it is susceptible to a variety of pests such as spider mites, which cause a mottled yellowing of the leaves, and thrips, resulting in bud drop. The China rose also attracts mealy bugs endangering the health of your plants. So do look up a good pesticide to keep away these pests.
4. Date palm or Phoenix dactylifera
The most common sight in the UAE region, the date palms can grow upto a height of 23 metres, making it one of the tallest trees with a leaf span of 4 to 6 metres. So the tree needs a lot of space to grow. The number of date palm trees in UAE account for 6% of the world’s date production. Date palms can either grow individually or by forming a clump with several stems from a single root system.
One of the most popular plants in UAE, the Bougainvillaeqa, tends to have few, if any at all, pest problems. Its bright flowers in yellow, red, pink, purple, peach orange, etc, make it a welcome addition to your garden. Native to South America, the bougainvillaea survives well in a pot although be careful of its thorns. The plant can grow from one to 12 metres tall, and can grow well in warmer climates. It’s ideal for UAE gardens as it grows well in dry soil with lots of sunlight and requires little water once established. Although take care that the growth rate of this plant varies on the variety. It can be planted easily with tip cuttings.
6. Yellow trumpet flower or Tecoma stans
This perennial flowering shrub is generally found in America and grows as a large shrub or multi-stemmed tree and reaches up to five metres high. It has a bright green foliage and is made up of five tooth-edged fingers. It flowers in the winter months leaving the plant or tree covered in bright yellow clusters. It’s ideal for the harsh climate of the UAE for its ability to survive in bright sun and can tolerate the hot summer of Dubai. It can be planted through seeds and also cuttings.
7. Mother’s tongue also known as Albizia lebbeck
The Albizia lebbeck, or Mother’s Tongue, is a flowering tree that can grow up to 30 metres with a trunk that’s 50 centimetres to one metre in diameter. It has dense and dark green leaves and its flowers are round and pale yellow in colour and flower in great numbers in early summer. Large pods with each containing around a dozen seeds develop during the growth of the flowers. The rattle of the pods in the wind is what gives the tree its other name -- the Mother’s Tongue! It’s an ideal tree to grow in Dubai is it has a high level of tolerance to salt content in the soil and is drought resistance. It can be easily planted from seeds.
8. Damas tree or Conocarpus lancifolius
The Conocarpus lancifolius, or Damas tree grows fast and is tolerant of heat and salt and requires less water, making it perfect to grow in Dubai. The Damas has proven very effective in cleaning oil-contaminated soils and is often used for soil stabilization and also in projects of reforestation. Although the tree leaves and fruits tend to clog drains and create a mess, take care to plant this otherwise very useful tree which can also be shaped into any shape due to its symmetrical growth.
9. Neem Tree
Also called the ‘wonder tree’ for centuries on the Indian subcontinent, the Neem was first brought to the UAE for its environmental and ornamental value. With its lush foliage and medicinal properties the neem tree is known to survive for up to 300 years with limited water needs. It was planted in the UAE as a windbreaker and to combat desertification. This wonder tree is a natural air purifier and can withstand high temperatures and improves soil fertility. According to experts, on a blistering hot day, the temperature under a neem tree can be up to 10 degrees lower than the surrounding area.
This is another plant that can be grown as a bonsai easily in a pot in your home balcony. It grows best in bright indirect or curtain-filtered sunlight. It can handle direct sun if the humidity is high. But avoid keeping it in an area that gets direct sun all day.
But caring for these trees and plants is of utmost importance. And that’s not easy considering one’s busy schedules and the climate in the place. But read on to find out why plants may be more useful to you than you thought.
Health benefits of keeping plants at home:
Indoor plants can help remove pollutants that cause headaches, nausea. They also purify air. Remove carbon dioxide from your room.
Research shows that people with plants in homes have less stress.
Keeping plants indoors can make you think better. The benefits observed during a research in people living in close connect with plants include improved concentration and memory and heightened attention.
Plants boost recovery. A study has found that viewing plants during recovery from surgery leads to a significant improvement in physiologic responses.
Though imported plants may look nice, they struggle to survive and require lots of care and money. So go native.
Keep reading help4u.today blogs for interesting blog posts about living in Dubai and all that it entails. Do contact us if you wish to hire a gardener, babysitter, caregiver, or a domestic help in Dubai.